Previously I covered all of the creational patterns which are useful with PHP and the majority of structural patterns. One structural pattern I never covered was the Composite pattern and so that’s what I’m covering today. The purpose of this pattern is to allow trees of objects (composites) to be handled interchangeably, regardless of if the node is a branch of a leaf node. What branch and leaf nodes are is revealed below.
Let’s use a hard drive as an example, you have directories which you can think of as branches, and you have files, you can think of these as leaf nodes. Branches contain leaves just like directories contain files. Directories and files are both separate entities, but the goal of the composite pattern has them interchangeable, as always this means they should implement the same interface. Example methods that they both share include updating the owner and group, changing permissions, fetching size, created date or last modified date, etc.